When winter arrives, the last thing you want is to wake up and find your water pipes have frozen. This happens when cold air surrounds the water pipes, causing water to freeze and the pipes to burst. The cost of repairs and remediation can be astronomical. Why wait and pay a heavy price when simple preventive measures can forestall this problem?
If you have an old Columbus, OH, home, here is how you can prepare and stop pipes from freezing in winter.
Insulate your crawl space
While the crawl space plays a significant functional role in many homes, it’s often overlooked. Ductworks and water pipes running through it are exposed to cold air, which causes freezing. Insulating this space prevents cold snaps from reaching the under the house area and freezing water in your pipes. Though it may seem expensive at first, crawl space insulation is really going to save you the heartache of burst pipes and water damage.
Turn off water to outdoor taps
Find the main shut-off point and turn it off to cut off water supply to the outdoor faucets. It’s likely to be located in the ceiling of the basement or near your water meter. If not, check the area where your local water supply enters your home. Once you locate and shut-off the valve, open the taps and let any residual water in your exterior plumbing lines drain away.
Cover exposed water pipes
It’s not enough to cover the crawl space walls and floors with thick foam. Go ahead and insulate all the water pipes that run through it as well. Pipe insulation is a cost-effective way of winterizing your pipes. Costs per linear feet is low.
The best way to do this is to wrap them with foam insulation. Make sure you get one that matches your pipe width. Don’t forget the ones in the attic or your garage as they are often exposed to cold air. By doing so, you can avoid water damage and high insurance deductibles.
Leave faucets to drip
Many people tend to think pipes burst because of expanding water. The truth is, pipes burst when water pressure builds up behind the pipe. Since it has no exit, the buildup will ultimately rupture the water pipes or cause them to leak from their joints and fittings. By letting your indoor faucets to drip, you will slow down the freezing process and stop pressure from building on the pipes.
Turn on your heat
Another thing you can do stop freezing is to turn the heat on and leave it while you’re away. Not many people do this as they fear their heating bills will go up. Heat from the living space will radiate to your water pipes and prevent them from freezing. If you’re experiencing a polar vortex, it’s advisable that you turn your heat up a few degrees.
Leave cabinet doors open
Open the bathroom and kitchen cabinet doors to allow heated air to enter and circulate around the non-conditioned plumbing under your sink. This will slow down freezing. Make sure you remove and store away any harmful household chemicals or cleaners.
Shut your garage doors
Never leave your garage door open especially if water pipes run through the garage. This will prevent cold air from entering this space and freezing your pipes.
Use heat cables
Heat tape is another effective solution that helps keep water running in your home. This tape is usually plugged to a power source and applied along the length of the water pipe. It works by generating warmth that keeps your plumbing at above freezing temperatures. You can use it alone or combine it with foam insulation.
Seal off air leaks
Make sure you seal off and caulk cold air leaks and water leaks in your home. Cover crawl space vents to stop heat loss during the winter.
Set the thermostat at a constant temperature
Once winter sets in, make sure you maintain the same temperature during day and night. It’s easy to get tempted to set back the thermostat to slash heating costs. That’s a sure recipe for a frozen pipe. If you intend to go away during this time, ensure the temperature is at 55° F or thereabouts, not lower.
If you’re renovating your home or building a new home in an area where temperatures dip below zero, consider buying pre-insulated pipes and installing them in areas where normal pipes would ordinarily freeze, such as the crawl space or exterior walls.
Want to winterize your pipes and crawl space but not sure where to start? Contact your trusted local basement contractor and request a free estimate today.